BD succeeds in six MDG goals

Experts Wednesday said though Bangladesh has attained successes in six Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), it has no control on two others.
The country, however, has weaknesses in maternal mortality, malnutrition, and employment generation.
The areas where Bangladesh achieved the targets include goal 1-eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, goal 2-achieving universal primary education, goal 3– promoting gender equality and empowering women, goal 4-reducing child mortality rate and goal 6- combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases.
Experts found that Bangladesh has some weaknesses in goal 5-improving maternal health, specifically maternal mortality rate and does not have any control on goal 7-ensuring environmental sustainability and goal 8-developing a global partnership for development.
The observations came at a press briefing on ‘Southern Voice on Post-MDG-Dhaka Expert Group Meeting’ organised at CPD auditorium in the city.
Distinguished fellow of Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) Dr Debapriya Bhattachariya addressed the press briefing while its executive director Dr Mustafizur Rahman was present.
The briefing was arranged ahead of a three-day Expert Group meeting to be held from January 11 to 13 January to discuss post- MDG agendas and identify set of activities to be undertaken by the Southern Voice on Post-MDG in 2013 and 2014.
Dr Debapriya said overall success of Bangladesh lies in MDGs in six areas with weaknesses in maternal mortality rate. Though extreme poverty has been reduced, there are weaknesses in sub-sections under the goal 1, he added.
"If we consider the employment scenario in Bangladesh, specially the informal sector, it is hard to find any solution with adequate data and information. But if we compare Bangladesh’s achievement with other countries, it is better than many others, specially the African countries," said Dr Debapriya.
A CPD statement said the need to incorporate local knowledge and experience has become all the more pertinent as MDGs were conceived as universal development goals.
"MDGs suffered from low contextualisation, particularly in terms of prioritisation by taking note of varying levels of development among the developing nations," it said.
Dr Debapriya said it is now the time to consider whether Bangladesh should be satisfied with the coverage of primary education only or talk about quality primary education or mandatory secondary education as the next step.
"It is now argued that there are some missing issues on a number of critical development dimensions. The missing issues include absence of any reference to economic growth and macroeconomic policy framework, structural change, productive capacity building, and need to contain inequality," the statement said.
New risks such as climate change, food price volatility, fall-out of global economic and financial crisis, and aspects of human rights and security should find reflection in the next generation of MDGs, it added.
The MDGs were delivered through a top-down process and the framework and targets were developed with little inputs from the member states and no contribution from the non-government actors, it said.
Researchers from a number of think-tanks of the South, UN officials and experts having demonstrated expertise on MDG-related issues will take part in the Dhaka meeting.

FE Report